Bicycle Global Issues
Describe global issues in bicycles
Global Cycle Solutions
The Global Cycle Solutions is an enterprise that comes up with creative inventions that help solve issues for natives living in Tanzania. Originally they were a simple company that came up with ideas to help farmers by using bicycle add-ons. The group then soon realized that the need for this technology would be better off in villages that could not produce their own electricity or needed a better solution to their grueling everyday tasks.
The company designed a couple solutions one of which is a Maize Sheller Kit. With this add on for a bicycle the villagers are able to fill a sack of maize in 40 minutes or about 10-15 sacks per day. This is a much more efficient means for the villagers as it is easily attacheable/detacheable, and reduces post harvest loss for the community. Another one of their inventions is used to power cell phones. This solution works with all bicycles and various phones and does not inhibit everyday riding because it incorporates seamlessly with the bicycle.
These are only a couple inventions that they have developed, and they are trying to further expand on the possibilities of bicycle add-ons such as a grinder to turn corn into flour, the capabilities are endless!
Source for the information in this article: http://gcstz.com/about
By: Andrew Horne
US Restrictions on E-Bikes
Electric bikes are a great way to efficiently get around, but what really classifies a bike? This is the question governments around the world ask themselves when they create laws to prevent people from zooming around unchecked. The United States classifies a bicycle as any two-wheel pedal-driven vehicle with a maximum speed of 20 miles per hour (32 km/h) (1). State laws are in place which limit the power output of e-bikes to 750 watts and in New York, state laws are being passed to ban motor assisted bikes from the roads and to limit the power output to 1000 watts.
by: Gabe Bertini (gtb5027)
Bicycle Generator Prototype
A prototype was created to prove that electricity could be generated by using a bicycle. This prototype is comprised of two systems, a mechanical and an electrical. The mechanical portion is made up from a makeshift bike frame using the pedals and front gear to create energy. Next a bicycle chain runs to the back freewheel which shares a shaft with a pulley and finally connects to a motor. Creating approximately 80 Watts this generator has the ability to power and charge laptops as well as lightbulbs and cellphones. The next step in their design is to connect the prototype to LabView and see how the power varies over time between different users.
By: Joseph Greca
The growth of cities has consequently led to people living in close proximity to their jobs. However, cities across the world have seen an increase in cars and people driving to work. Cities such as Amsterdam and Copenhagen began a movement to increase the number of bicyclists in order to reduce pollution. To do this the cities would provide bicycles for public use around the city. These bikes are uniquely designed to prevent theft and are a way of promoting bicycling without making citizens buy a bike. Cities in the U.S. such as Washington D.C and New York have also begun to implement the "Bike Share" program that the European cities began. It will be interesting to see if the "Bike Share" program explodes the way it did in Copenhagen, Denmark. 35-55% of city commuters now ride bikes to work.
Team Bike Riders
The economical and political circumstances in the rural parts of sub-Saharan Africa have resulted in a very poor system for transportation. The majority of the population walks wherever they need to go. This causes huge problems for people when they are in need of medical attention, especially in the case of a medical emergency.
This motivated the group "Design for Development Society" to design and create bicycle ambulances for these areas where motorized ambulances are either unavailable or impractical. The main goal of this project is to cut emergency transit times, and hopefully save lives. Their design focuses on patient comfort, safety and accessibility, and affordability.
The bicycle ambulance has many special features that aim to meet the needs of the Africans who will be using them. For example, for safer passenger transport, the stretcher is detachable. This enables the patient to be taken into the medical center without having to move from the stretcher. Also the stretcher features a shock absorbing bed that gives the patient a comfortable and smooth ride, even over the rough African terrain.
The group plans to expand further into other parts of Africa that are experiencing similar problems with emergency transit.
The information used in this article is from : http://www.designfordevelopment.org/activities/bike_ambulance.html
Global Bicycle Parking Innovations
The influence of bicycling has spread beyond the Western world and has become a popular alternative for congested Asian cities. In almost all cities, bicycle parking has always been a dreadful urban planning issue. Ever increasing population and escalating automobile prices encourages more city dwellers to use bicycles to commute. This results in unsightly overcrowded bicycle parking which are impossible to handle. [Giken], a Japanese company, developed and built the world’s first underground bicycle parking lots. Giken specializes in construction and design solutions and its underground parking lots, called Eco-Cycle, is a key evidence of bicycle’s impact on a global scale. Eco-cycle as seen in the photo on the right is an automated parking system. The company boasts that the whole parking process can be completed in less than 10 seconds. The rider will push the bicycle onto an aluminum ramp which clamps it in the same position before moving it down into the parking lots. The facility saves a great deal of land space (only about 7m of surface land) as most of it is underground. Besides, the station itself can fit aesthetically into the urban environment, eliminating unsightly overcrowded bicycles on the streets. Bicycle thefts are virtually impossible and bad weather would not damage the bicycle. Furthermore, its enclosed circular wall structure made of prefabricated structural piles ensures stability and strength against earthquakes. The only concern is that the price of bicycle parking is around USD$30 per month. However, the tradeoffs for more land space, convenience, aesthetic appeal and better protection might just be justifiable.
Contributed by Team Bicycle
Global Bicycle Initiatives
In March of 2009, Natural Home Magazine drew attention to two groups, Pedals for Progress and Bicycle for a Day, that are helping those around the world receive bicycles.
Pedals for Progress mission statement is "To supply economic development aid by recycling bicycles and sewing machines in the U.S. and shipping them to the people of the developing world." They pull bicycles before they enter landfills and ship them to developing nations. The bicycles can then be adapted to whatever is needed such as mobile medics, trash removers, taxis, and even farm machinery. Some bikes are also used for recreational cycling programs. Members of the community are trained in bicycle repair to keep the bikes up and running with assisting in the development of the economy. Pedals for Progress supply the tools and parts for maintaining the bicycles. Pedals for Progress have sent over 115,000 bicycles to developing nations.
Bicycle for a Day's goal is to solve worldwide environmental issues by bringing together those who choose bikes over gas-powered vehicles and by making biking more accessible and safe for everyone. They focus on issues such as how much fuel is waster from sitting in traffic along with how healthy people could be if they rode their bikes to work more often.
Created by Team Team
World Bicycle Relief
World Bicycle Relief works with bicycle manufacturers and relief organizations to supply bicycles to underdeveloped regions around the world. Founded in response to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, World Bicycle Relief's mission is to "provide access to independence and livelihood through The Power of Bicycles".  In addition to supplying bicycles, World Bicycle Relief runs maintenance training programs and conducts studies to measure the impact of bicycles on humanitarian relief situations.
Created by Team Discovery Channel
Global Organization of Cycling Equipment Manufacturers (GOCEM)
The Global Organization of Cycling Equipment Manufacturers is an organization created to unify the bicycle industry's manufacturers to one solid, unified voice. The group arose as a result of the rules set into place by the Union Cycliste Internationale. This international cycling organization sets into place and enforces rules and regulations for pro-cycling. GOCEM's goal is to bring together the worldwide bicycle manufacturers which then allows communication between themselves and UCI, which is something that was not available before. Now, with this new line of communication, UCI can hear quality input and opinions from the bicycle makers themselves on how certain rules and regulations can and/or are affecting the quality, price and efficiency of equipment. The organization’s long-term goal is to create greater stability and professionalism in all aspects of the cycling sport.
The founding members of GOCEM include: A-Team (Taiwan Bike Company Association representing Merida, Velo, Maxxis, Alex, Rims, Formula, VP components, Well-go, RS-Suntour, KMC, Truvativ, Kenda, Topeak, TH Industries, Tektro, Joytec, Jagwire and RST), BH, Bianchi, BMC, Cannondale, Canyon, Cervélo SA, Cinelli, COLIPED, Felt, Focus, FSA/Vision, Fuji, Giant, GT, Hed, Look, Mavic, Orbea, Oval, Prologo, Quark, Ritchey, Rotor, Specialized, Sram, Teschner, Time, 3T and Zipp.
Created in Collaboration with Team Jeff
Electric Bicycles Helping the Planet
The article above discusses many very good reasons to use electric bicycles instead of petroleum powered vehicles. The advancement in bicycle design has contributed to the invention of electric bicycles. Electric bicycles began in China where 120 million bicycles are now on China's streets. Instead of driving a car which pollutes the atmosphere, people are now driving electric bicycles to work and on leisurely rides around town. Many elderly people cannot ride bicycles anymore, but with the aid of an electric motor they can gain their freedom of riding bicycles back. The electric bicycles carry a heavier cost than normal bikes and require more components which need replaced regularly, therefore adding to the economy as well.
This is an example of an electric bicycle.
A team Awesome Contribution
Electric Bicycles in China
This article above shows the swarming electric bicycle in China. Electric Bicycles in China are quiet different compared with those in America. According to recent research China has produced over 60% e-bikes among the world. E-bikes in China are cheap that the price is about 150~250 dollars. Since the oil price continues to grow up, e-bikes become a very suitable way for transportation. Although the e-bikes have some problems like higher traffic dangers, it can be predicted it will become an hot way of transportation in street in the future world.
Created by Dongao, Andrew, Ken, Mike, Jordan
Bicycles a Mainstay in China
The above articles is from the 2008 New York Times and it discusses how the bike is still popular in China. The Chinese have become infatuated with the car, but as the article notes, there are still many uses and needs for bikes. With 20 percent of the worlds population in such a small area, it is much easier to move about the overcrowded cities by way of bike than car or bus. Bikes also are relatively cheap and with many Chinese families not in the middle class, a cheap, easy, and quick way to get about the cities.
A Team Awesomer Production
World Relief Initiatives
Bicycles are a universal form of transport throughout the globe. However in some countries the only form of transportation is walking. One such country is Ghana. In 2008 the nonprofit foundation ARAS (Acceptance, Respect, Affection and Support) took the initiative to help people in Ghana with their transportation need. The following article explains their effort to make one part of the world better.
Bicycle donations sought for Ghana - All accepted regardless of condition, size Bellingham Herald, The (WA) - Friday, May 9, 2008 Author: ISABELLE DILLS, Reach Isabelle Dills at 715- 2220 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
BELLINGHAM - Walking is the main form of transportation in the impoverished country of Ghana where the per-capita annual income is $1,400. Those who are fortunate ride to work and school on a bicycle.
The Village Bicycles Project, which is supported by the nonprofit foundation Acceptance, Respect, Affection and Support, is asking people across the U.S. and internationally to donate their used bicycles to help the people of Ghana. Three drop-off times and locations are available in Whatcom County:
Today: 9 a.m. to noon, Haggen store on Meridian Street; 2 to 5 p.m., Haggen store in Sehome Village.
Saturday: 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., 3232 Laurelwood Ave.
All bicycles are accepted regardless of condition or size, according to Charles Wallace, the Bellingham coordinator of the project. About 120 bicycles have been donated so far in Whatcom County, and the goal is to collect 250 bicycles by this weekend, Wallace said. In Ghana, bicycles represent opportunity. They allow people to find work in local cities too far to walk to, Wallace said. Bicycles also spare people from riding buses, which often run late, Wallace said. The donated bicycles will be shipped to Ghana and repaired in a local shop. Citizens will be given maintenance courses so they can maintain their new bicycles, Wallace said. Section: Local yahooRSS Record Number: bham-20080509-B001-bicycledonation-2302.xml Copyright, 2008, The Bellingham Herald, All Rights Reserved
Helping people in Ghana by providing bicycles is an innovative approach. Bicycles are cheap efficient forms of transportation. As the article states, just owning a bicycle in Ghana is extremely helpful and allows people to work further from home and always arrive on time. Its quite impressive that a bicycle has such a different importance between countries around the world. In the U.S a bicycle is for the most a way to entertain our selves while in other countries it is an important primary form of transportation.
Mexico City Makes Way for Bicycles
New regulations and intuitive in Mexico City may have implications for other major cities throughout the world. Mexico City is packed with more than 4 million vehicles and air pollution that has become a major problem. Current intuitive hopes to combat these problems by encouraging more city occupants to consider using bicycles. This is being accomplished through new infrastructure, road closures, and bike-sharing programs. Currently more than 8.7 miles of major avenues are only open to bicyclists on Sundays as part of the “Muevete en Bici.” The city has also commissioned to build new bike parking and 186 miles of new bike paths by 2012. Also bike-sharing programs such as the EcoBici (EcoBike) are being launched in the city. New laws also require city government employees to bike to work on the first Monday of each month. Currently “budgetary” constraints have slowed progress but the ideas may be recognized in other major cities as the price of petroleum as well as air pollution increases.
More Information Available At: http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2010/0323/Mexico-City-makes-way-for-bicycles
Created By: C. Mack, E. Soring, D. Jarrett, A. Ritchey
The Role of Bicycles in Rural Zambia
In rural Zambia, a bicycle is a prized possession and a workhorse. When children and adults in rural Zambia need a reliable mode of transportation, they do not turn to an automobile or a motorized vehicle of any kind but instead they use a bicycle. Bicycles have given many children the opportunity to go to school because the bikes are able to cover the distances, usually a couple kilometers, in a decent amount of time and still be able to accomplish their chores and duties at home. Adults in rural Zambia also heavily rely on their bicycles. Bicycles are used to get to work, take family members to the hospital, and to bring produce to and from the market.
Since bicycles are used in such a versatile role the types of bicycles made for Zambia are very strong and heavy duty. The bicycles are made to withstand the harsh environment of African roads and the heavy load they may carry. Dave Neiswander, World Bicycle Relief's head of Africa operations, describes the bicycles they provide to Zambia as “55 pounds of love” because of the thick gauge steel and heavy frames. The back rack is designed to carry 100kg therefore making the bike very versatile.
World Bicycle Relief has donated 30,000 bicycles to people in Zambia, many of which are school children. Michael Gogolola, a schoolteacher in Zambia, thinks that bicycles are very important part of Zambia and are “…more valuable than a vehicle.” By providing bicycles to children in Zambia, it is believed the children will be able to stay in school longer while maintaining their duties at home.
Team: Amy, Jason, Josh
Reinventing the Dutch Bike
The Dutch bike is becoming a sensation over in Amsterdam. The bike looks like something right out of the 1950s, yet everyone seems to be using it. The reason for this is due to its longevity and idealness for city life. Said bike comes with a built in lock and has a solar power front and rear lighting system which helped the company Van Moof win the 2009 Eurobike newcomer award. It comes with a bar that can carry up to 10 kilos of cargo. The frame of the bike has a lower top bar to accommodate both men and women. The bike is also very light which can let it easily be carried in an apartment. The bike is customizable in many ways, but shipped to America with a front brake system and three speeds. This bike has spread from the Netherland cities to America. Who knows where it goes next or if it even catches on; we shall see. Website:http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/08/reinventing-the-bike-for-city-dwellers.php Discovered by Andrew Timmons, Josh Temple, Steve Linde, Colton Hinkle, and another guy whose name I do not know right now.
Bike Friendly Cities Around the World
More than half of the world's population lives in cities. More and more governments are finding that by promoting bicycle use daily, they are decreasing vehicle congestion and the environmental problems they cause. Cities in Europe are taking the initiative and promoting bicycle use throughout their cities by funding various projects. In Amsterdam, the government has pledged millions of dollars to bicycle paths, parking, and safety; as a result "cycling accounts for 55 percent of journeys to jobs that are less than 7.5 kilometers (4.7 miles) from home". In Australia, there are new laws that require all new public buildings to have bike friendly facilities such as parking, lockers and showers. In order to promote the use of bikes all over the world, governments need to make sure that bicycle riders are not inconvenienced, but provided safe and accessible pathways throughout their cities.
 Submitted by: Ellyn Marant
Car-free City in the Netherlands
The sixth largest city in the Netherlands, Groningen, now has a car-free city design. Traffic led to a redesign of the city to prevent cars and promote bicycles. The city now has the highest level of bike use in the West, and over half of their people travel by bike. The UK averages around four percent. This has not only cut down the impact of cars, it has boosted the economy, cut down on overall costs in the long run, and made the city a better place to live. In order to promote use of the system, they have banned out of city shopping centers so that there is no need for a car. This, along with housing developments that are inaccessible by anything but bikes and walking have made it unnecessary and ever inconvenient to have a car. The streets are closed to all but pedestrians, bicyclists and buses, and while this was at first ill received, the cost of rent has increased and areas not yet blocked to cars are asking for the area to be expanded to include them. This has and hopefully will lead to the expansion of the idea to other European cities as well as around the world.
 Submitted by Karen Bobkowski
Vacation By Bicycle
With health and environmental concerns increasing in the last decade, bicycle tours have emerged as a popular vacation mode. Guided tours can be found on each continent (excluding Antarctica), ranging in duration from days to several weeks and vary in difficulty for riders of all experience levels.
North America: http://www.cycleamerica.com/
South America: http://www.experienceplus.com/
While somewhat expensive (about $4000 for a tour of Catalonia, Spain), the costs compare closely to other overseas vacations and include lodging and most meals. Additionally, tours often include various excursions and activities (wine tasting, sight-seeing, canoing, kayaking,etc.)
Global Impacts of Electric Bikes
Electric bikes have made a huge impact on many parts of the world with both their benefits and their issues. This article observes how all over the world people are being affected in many ways by how electric bikes are being received by a variety of audiences.
--Created By: Kevin Rzasa--
Government Incentives for Bicycle Use
Bicycle sales in some markets are surging as governments devise a number of incentives to encourage bicycle use. For instance, in 2009 the Italian government began a hefty incentive program to encourage the purchase of bicycles or electric bikes in order to improve urban air quality and reduce the number of cars on the road. The direct payments will cover up to 30 percent of the cost of the bicycle.
Also in 2009, the Federal Bicycle Commuter Act was passed in the United States. This was the first time the federal government recognized bicycling as a commuter option and rewarded those of who chose the greenest form of transportation. If an employer elects to offer this benefit, an employee can receive a bonus up to $20 a month for each month they commute primarily by bike from your employer tax-free, so long as they don't accept any of the other transit benefit.
Submitted by Daniel Guy
Impacts Bikes have on Global Congestion and Health
Increasing global mobility has been a big push in recent years for many reasons. One of the most prominent reasons is to help decrease congestion in major cities and highways due to large amounts of traffic. As the world’s population continues grow at an ever increasing rate communities are urging more of their citizens to start riding bike for short trips or outings that do not require a full sized personal vehicle.
However communities are not only pushing for people to get more mobile to decrease congestion. There are great health benefits to riding a bike instead of driving. Every year inactivity contributes to a large number of deaths and medical problems around the globe. By riding a bike for short tips which are close to a person’s home they can help improve their quality of life as well as to prolonging their life expectancy.
Bikes can play a large role in both trying to decrease global congestion but also in global health. As technology becomes a larger and larger part of our lives it is important that physical activity remain aprt of it.
added by: Rich M., Anthony B., John N., Joe C., Kristen M., Lauren R.
World Bike Market, Eco Indicators and Development
Due to economic, environmental, and new development, the production of bicycles has almost quadrupled since the 1970's. With the changing environment and increasing global warming awareness, people are starting to shift to the use of a bicycle to get around. This development is more apparent in cities where a dense population of cars has the greatest effect on pollution. As discussed in the attached articles, more and more cities are finding ways to promote bicycle use by introducing more bicycle-friendly routes. The economics behind the trade-offs between a car and a bicycle are also a cause for the major growth in production. Due to the low cost of bicycles, they are more available to larger proportions of the population than cars. Gas prices, also an economic reason behind the trade, are increasing which make it more appealing for people who struggle to afford to fill their tanks to purchase and ride bicycles. Electronic bikes (e-bikes) are also a reason for the switch from cars to bikes. These bikes can achieve speeds up to 15-20 mph and therefore lessen the workload that is required of the user to get from place to place. The innovation and the increasing interest in international bike competitions has also caused a change in the bicycle market. Between BMX sporting events such as the X-games and international events like the Tour De France, the general public has gained an interest in the latest innovations and developments of the bicycle market. This has been one of many causes that has led to the increased production and interest in the bicycle.
By: Casey Cummings
Bicycle Culture in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Bicycles are everywhere in Amsterdam. They are an everyday way of travel for individuals and families. Whether the rider is going to work, going to the market, or going across town, he or she hops on a bike and makes the journey. The common use of bikes has seemed to diminish those in Amsterdam to forget about bike safety. Multiple people pile onto one bike at a time, riders talk on their cell phones while pedaling, riders do not wear helmets, and they will carry just about anything in one hand while stearing with the other. Unlike the way bikes are used in America, for exercise and enjoyment, the bicycle has become an integrated part of life in Amsterdam.
By: Brittany M, Lauren M, Megan B, Hudson R, Doug D
Bicycles Produced Around the Globe
Around 1965, the amount of cars versus bicycles produced annually around the world were nearly the same, both near 20 million a year. However, starting around the year 2003, bike production around the globe had surpassed the production of car significantly. Bike production had skyrocketed to 100 million per year where cars had only been at 42 million per year. From 2003-2004, it had been estimated that the increase of bicycle production had been 1.5%. The country responsible for the largest production of bicycles is China at 58% in 2004. The top five producers of bicycles (China, India, the European Union, Taiwan, and Japan) make up 87% of the global production of bicycles. Although China produces the largest amount of bike, the use of bicycles in China saw a 13% decrease in use from 1955 to 2004. It is estimated that nearly a billion bicycles exist around the globe, with nearly half of them in China.
By: Daniel Alauzen
• Nearly 60% of all bike trips are 1 mile or less.
• Why do people commute by bicycle? According to a survey of 2,400 cyclists:
o 95% ride for health and fitness o 82% do it for the environment o 52% bike to avoid congestion o 46% ride to save money on gasoline o 34% want to avoid car-parking costs and availability
• According to a 2006 survey by the Outdoor Industry Foundation, cycling participants are:
o 58% male / 42% female o 29% ages 16 to 24 / 21% ages 25 to 34 / 23% ages 35 to 44 / 27% ages 45 o 53% married / 47% unmarried o 32% household income <$40,000 / 40% $40,000-$79,000 / 28% $80,000
Team: Hussen, Joe, Jeffrey, Zach,Christopher, Aaron.
Bicycles Reduces Global Warming
Due to bicycles being powered solely by human motion, riding a bicycle presents many advantages over driving a car. By riding a bicycle, you are actually helping the environment. First, you are completely cutting fuel emissions because of the simple fact that you are not using any fuel to ride. Next, because of the ease of producing bicycles as compared to automobiles, production for the bikes is cheaper and is cleaner on the environment. Third, it takes considerably less materials to produce a bicycle; therefore, if more people only rode bikes, then the need for metal and other nonrenewable resources goes down. Finally, paving roads as large as they are would no longer be required, which helps maintain the global environment and saves on resources again. In these ways, having more people ride bicycles around the world is not only preventing Global Warming, it is also saving the Earth as we know it.
By: Joshua Wu