Difference between revisions of "3DPDF"

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(New page: Category:Engineering format '''Title(s):''' Title:: - Names(s) that refer to the engineering format. '''Version ID:''' Version ID:: - Identification or version number of the e...)
 
 
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[[Category:Engineering format]]
 
[[Category:Engineering format]]
'''Title(s):''' [[Title::]] - Names(s) that refer to the engineering format.
+
'''Title(s):''' [[Title::3D PDF]]
  
'''Version ID:''' [[Version ID::]] - Identification or version number of the engineering format.
+
'''Version ID:''' [[Version ID::1.7]] - Adobe Acrobat 9.0 with Pro/Extended version contains PDF version 1.7.
 +
NOTE: Relating to U3D File Format - 4th Edition of ECMA-363
  
'''Date released:''' [[Version Date released::]] - Date that the version was released.
+
'''Date released:''' [[Version Date released::July 2008]]
 +
NOTE: Relating to 4th Edition of ECMA-363 for U3D File Format - June 2007.
  
'''Date:''' [[Format Date::]] - Date the format was created (YYYY-MM-DD)
+
'''Date:''' [[Format Date::June 15, 1993]] - PDF original was created in June 15, 1993 but 3D was not embedded into PDF until January 2005 with the release Adobe Acrobat 7.0.  Adobe Acrobat 7.0 contains PDF version 1.6.
 +
NOTE: Relating to 1st Edition of ECMA-363 for U3D file Format - December 2004.
  
'''Creator(s):''' [[Creator::Entity Template]] - The creator or original author of the engineering format.
+
'''Creator(s):''' [[Creator::Adobe]] - [http://www.adobe.com/aboutadobe/ About Adobe]
  
'''Contributor(s):''' [[Contributor::]] - The current maintainers of the engineering format.
+
'''Contributor(s):''' [[Contributor::Adobe]]
  
'''Relationships:''' - Relationships that the engineering format has with organizations, other formats, etc.
+
'''Relationships:''' - [http://www.bentley.com/en-US/ Bentley Systems, Incorporated]: Bentley Systems, Incorporated added 3D PDF generation into their MicroStation software application as indicated in the http://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2005/Jan/1111150.htm news article.  Adobe has made other business partnerships throughout the years.
  
* '''Previous Version(s):''' [[Previous Version::]] - Any engineering format that is a previous version format of this one.
+
* '''Previous Version(s):''' [[Previous Version:: Adobe Acrobat]] [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Acrobat Reference]
 +
** Adobe Acrobat 7.0 / PDF version 1.6
 +
*** Acrobat Professional 7.0: ability to embed 3D object information from the .u3d Universal 3D format.
 +
*** Acrobat 3D (Windows only): included all of the functionality of Acrobat Professional 7.0 as well as updated support for embedded 3D, tools for capturing 3D content from OpenGL applications, and the Adobe Acrobat 3D Toolkit for converting CAD documents to PDF objects. Also included is a version of the capture tool for installation on Unix.  
 +
** Adobe Acrobat 8.0 / PDF version 1.7
 +
*** Acrobat 3D Version 8: ability to produce embedded PRC data: highly compressed format for geometry and graphics (requires Reader 8.1 to display). Capture 3D tools (Windows and Unix) for capturing 3D content from OpenGL applications. Most innovative feature: Product Manufacturing Information, supported for many different CAD formats.
 +
** Adobe Acrobat 9.0 / PDF version 1.7
 +
*** Pro Extended Version: includes Adobe Presenter and the features of Acrobat 3D
  
* '''Contains:''' [[Contains::]] - Any engineering format that is contained by this format.
+
* '''Contains:''' [[Contains::Universal 3D]]
  
* '''Syntax Format(s):''' [[Syntax Format::]] - Any syntax formats that the engineering format may use.
+
* '''Syntax Format(s):''' [[Syntax Format::NONE]]
  
* '''Family Format(s):''' [[Family Format::]] - Any family formats to which the engineering format may belong.
+
* '''Family Format(s):''' [[Family Format::Acrobat]]
  
'''Description:''' [[Description::]] - Main description of the format, which can give extra information not categorized.
+
'''Description:''' [[Description::3D PDF with Universal 3D (u3d) file format]]:
 +
* Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format for document exchange. PDF is used for representing two-dimensional documents in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system.  Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout 2D document (and, with Acrobat 3D, embedded 3D documents) that includes the text, fonts, images, and 2D vector graphics which compose the documents. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pdf]
 +
* Universal 3D (U3D) is a compressed file format standard for 3D computer graphics data.  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_3D]
  
'''History:''' [[History::]] - Historical description depicting major events surrounding development, creation, and maintenance of this format.
+
'''History:''' [[History::Adobe and Universal 3D]]: The Universal 3D format was defined by a special consortium called 3D Industry Forum that brought together a diverse group of companies and organizations, including Intel, Boeing, HP, Adobe Systems, Bentley Systems, Right Hemisphere and others whose main focus had been the promotional development of 3D graphics for use in various industries, specifically at this time manufacturing as well as construction and industrial plant design.  The format was later standardized by Ecma International in August 2005 as ECMA-363. The goal is a universal standard for three-dimensional data of all kinds, to facilitate data exchange. The consortium promoted also the development of an open source library for facilitating the adoption of the format. The format is natively supported by the PDF format and 3D objects in U3D format can be inserted into PDF documents and interactively visualized by Acrobat Reader (since version 7).  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_3D]
  
'''Example(s):''' [[Example::Example Template]] - Information and example models of the engineering format.
+
'''Example(s):''' [[Example::3D PDF Examples]] - Information and example models of the engineering format.
  
'''Identifier:''' [[Identifier::]] - A URL or other identifier that refers to the engineering format.
+
'''Identifier:''' [[Identifier::U3D]] - http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/files/ECMA-ST/ECMA-363%204th%20Edition.pdf
  
'''Documentation:''' [[Documentation::Documentation Template]] - Information in general about the engineering format.
+
'''Documentation:''' [[Documentation::http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-363.htm]]
  
'''File Extensions:''' [[File Extension::]] - Extensions of the engineering format, excluding the dot.
+
'''File Extensions:''' [[File Extension::PDF, U3D]]
  
 
'''Applications:''' - Applications that the engineering format uses.
 
'''Applications:''' - Applications that the engineering format uses.
  
* '''Native application(s):''' [[Native Application::Engineering Format Application Template]] - Applications which are primarily designed to specifically run this engineering format.
+
* '''Native application(s):''' [[Native Application::3D PDF Native Application]]
  
* '''Interoperable applications:''' [[Interoperable Application::Engineering Format Application Template]] - Applications which can read or write files of this format, but are not native applications for the format.
+
* '''Interoperable applications:''' [[Interoperable Application::3D PDF Interoperable Applications]]
  
'''Magic numbers:''' [[Magic Numbers::]] - Unique identifying characters at the beginning of files for this engineering format.
+
'''Magic numbers:''' [[Magic Numbers::Unknown to PDF]] - U3D File Format specifies a header consisting of version, profile identifier, declaration size, file size, and character encoding.
  
'''Format(s):''' [[Format::]] - The MIME file types.
+
'''Format(s):''' [[Format::PDF]]
  
'''Rights:''' [[Rights::]] - The name or type of the license for the engineering format. Examples: BSD-style license, Apache License, Proprietary license
+
'''Rights:''' [[Rights::Open Standard]]
  
 
'''Sustainability Factors:''' - Facts about the sustainability of this particular engineering format.
 
'''Sustainability Factors:''' - Facts about the sustainability of this particular engineering format.
  
* '''Standardization:''' [[Standardization::]] - Information regarding standardization attempts with this format.
+
* '''Standardization:''' [[Standardization::ISO 32000-1:2008]] - PDF was made an open standard on July 1, 2008 and published by the International Organization for Standardization.  U3D was made a standard as ECMA-363.
  
* '''Adoption:''' [[Adoption::]] - Information about how this format has been adopted by other organizations.
+
* '''Adoption:''' [[Adoption::3D Industry Forum]]
  
** '''Licensing and patent claims:''' [[Licensing and patent claims::]] - Any licenses or patent claims that the engineering format makes.
+
** '''Licensing and patent claims:''' [[Licensing and patent claims::Licensed by Adobe]]
  
* '''Self-documentation:''' [[Self-documentation::]] - Any self-documentation capabilities of the format.
+
* '''Self-documentation:''' [[Self-documentation::None]]
  
* '''External dependencies:''' [[External dependencies::]] - Anything that the format depends on outside of its control to function.
+
* '''External dependencies:''' [[External dependencies::None]]
  
* '''Technical protection considerations:''' [[Technical protection considerations::]] - Any considerations that are necessary when it comes to technical protection.
+
* '''Technical protection considerations:''' [[Technical protection considerations::None]]
  
'''Typical use:''' [[Typical use::]] - Keywords that describe the format's typical use. Examples: CAD and CAM
+
'''Typical use:''' [[Typical use::CAD]]
  
 
'''File classification:''' - Specific properties that pertain to this engineering format.
 
'''File classification:''' - Specific properties that pertain to this engineering format.
* '''Type {Binary, Text}:''' [[File Classification Type::]] - The type of file, choices are binary and text.
+
* '''Type {Binary, Text}:''' [[File Classification Type::Binary]]
 
* '''Raster data:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports raster data.
 
* '''Raster data:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports raster data.
 
** '''Raster data 2D:''' - Can the format support 2D raster data? Example: A format that can contain 2D pixelated data supports 2D raster data.
 
** '''Raster data 2D:''' - Can the format support 2D raster data? Example: A format that can contain 2D pixelated data supports 2D raster data.
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 2D - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 2D - Is Supported::Yes]]
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 2D - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 2D - Description::Raster images in PDF (called Image XObjects) are represented by dictionaries with an associated stream.]]
 
** '''Raster data 3D:''' - Can the format support 3D raster data? Example: A format that can contain 2D pixelated data of a 3D model supports 3D raster data.
 
** '''Raster data 3D:''' - Can the format support 3D raster data? Example: A format that can contain 2D pixelated data of a 3D model supports 3D raster data.
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 3D - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 3D - Is Supported::Yes]]
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 3D - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Raster Data 3D - Description::Raster images in PDF (called Image XObjects) are represented by dictionaries with an associated stream.]]
 
* '''Geometric representation:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports geometric representations.
 
* '''Geometric representation:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports geometric representations.
 
** '''Implicit representation:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports implicit representations.
 
** '''Implicit representation:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports implicit representations.
 
*** '''Implicit surfaces:''' - Can the format support implicit surfaces? Example: A format that can contain surfaces that are generated with mathematical equations that contain the independent variables x, y, and z, like x^2 + y^2 + z^2 * R^2 = 0, supports implicit surfaces.
 
*** '''Implicit surfaces:''' - Can the format support implicit surfaces? Example: A format that can contain surfaces that are generated with mathematical equations that contain the independent variables x, y, and z, like x^2 + y^2 + z^2 * R^2 = 0, supports implicit surfaces.
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Implicit Surfaces - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Implicit Surfaces - Is Supported::No]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Implicit Surfaces - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Implicit Surfaces - Description::No support]]
 
*** '''Implicit curves:''' - Can the format support implicit curves? Example: A format that can contain curves that are generated with mathematical equations that contain the independent variables x, y, and z, supports implicit curves.
 
*** '''Implicit curves:''' - Can the format support implicit curves? Example: A format that can contain curves that are generated with mathematical equations that contain the independent variables x, y, and z, supports implicit curves.
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Implict Curves - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Implict Curves - Is Supported::No]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Implicit Curves - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Implicit Curves - Description::No support]]
 
*** '''Point set:''' - Can the format support point sets? Example: A format that supports surfaces and lines that are generated by points that form triangles supports point sets.
 
*** '''Point set:''' - Can the format support point sets? Example: A format that supports surfaces and lines that are generated by points that form triangles supports point sets.
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Point Set - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Point Set - Is Supported::Yes]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Point Set - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Point Set - Description::Support]]
 
** '''Mesh:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports mesh.
 
** '''Mesh:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports mesh.
 
*** '''Manifold surface meshes:''' - Can the format support manifold surface meshes? Example: A format that supports surfaces that are mathematical spaces in which every point has a neighborhood which resembles Euclidean space
 
*** '''Manifold surface meshes:''' - Can the format support manifold surface meshes? Example: A format that supports surfaces that are mathematical spaces in which every point has a neighborhood which resembles Euclidean space
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Mainfold Surface Meshes - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Mainfold Surface Meshes - Is Supported::Yes]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Manifold Surface Meshes - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Manifold Surface Meshes - Description::Support]]
 
*** '''Manifold volume meshes:''' - Can the format support manifold volume meshes? Example: A format that supports volumes that are mathematical spaces in which every point has a neighborhood which resembles Euclidean space
 
*** '''Manifold volume meshes:''' - Can the format support manifold volume meshes? Example: A format that supports volumes that are mathematical spaces in which every point has a neighborhood which resembles Euclidean space
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Manifold Volume Meshes - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Manifold Volume Meshes - Is Supported::No]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Manifold Volume Meshes - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Manifold Volume Meshes - Description::No support]]
 
*** '''Non-manifold meshes:''' - Can the format support non-manifold meshes? Example: A format that supports meshes that are not manifolds
 
*** '''Non-manifold meshes:''' - Can the format support non-manifold meshes? Example: A format that supports meshes that are not manifolds
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Non-manifold Meshes - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Non-manifold Meshes - Is Supported::No]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Non-manifold Meshes - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Non-manifold Meshes - Description::No support]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
** '''Parametric representation:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports parametric representations.
 
** '''Parametric representation:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports parametric representations.
 
*** '''Parametric surfaces:''' - Can the format support parametric surfaces? Example: A format that can contain surfaces that are generated with parametric equations supports parametric surfaces.
 
*** '''Parametric surfaces:''' - Can the format support parametric surfaces? Example: A format that can contain surfaces that are generated with parametric equations supports parametric surfaces.
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Parametric Surfaces - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Parametric Surfaces - Is Supported::Yes]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Parametric Surfaces - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Parametric Surfaces - Description::Support]]
 
*** '''Parametric curves:''' - Can the format support parametric curves? Example: A format that can contain curves that are generated with parametric equations supports parametric curves.
 
*** '''Parametric curves:''' - Can the format support parametric curves? Example: A format that can contain curves that are generated with parametric equations supports parametric curves.
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Parametric Curves - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
**** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Parametric Curves - Is Supported::Yes]]
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Parametric Curves - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
**** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Parametric Curves - Description::Support]]
 
** '''Contour sets:''' - Can the format support contour sets?
 
** '''Contour sets:''' - Can the format support contour sets?
 
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Contour Sets - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
 
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Contour Sets - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
 
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Contour Sets - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Contour Sets - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
** '''NURBS:''' - Can the format support Non Uniform Rational Basis Splines? Examples: The engineering formats IGES, STEP, ACIS, and PHIGS
 
** '''NURBS:''' - Can the format support Non Uniform Rational Basis Splines? Examples: The engineering formats IGES, STEP, ACIS, and PHIGS
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification NURBS - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification NURBS - Is Supported::Yes]]
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification NURBS - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification NURBS - Description::Support]]
 
* '''Multi-resolution models:''' - Can the format support models with multiple resolutions? Examples: A format that supports a highly detailed and lowly detailed model simultaneously supports multi-resolution models.
 
* '''Multi-resolution models:''' - Can the format support models with multiple resolutions? Examples: A format that supports a highly detailed and lowly detailed model simultaneously supports multi-resolution models.
 
** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Multi-resolution Models - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
 
** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Multi-resolution Models - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
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* '''Dynamics:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports dynamics.
 
* '''Dynamics:''' - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports dynamics.
 
** '''Kinematics:''' - Can the format support kinematics? Example: Does the format allow model parts to rotate?
 
** '''Kinematics:''' - Can the format support kinematics? Example: Does the format allow model parts to rotate?
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Kinematics - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Kinematics - Is Supported::Yes]]
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Kinematics - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Kinematics - Description::Support]]
 
** '''Assembly:''' - Can the format support assembly? Example: Does the format allow the assembly instructions to be explicitly specified with a model?
 
** '''Assembly:''' - Can the format support assembly? Example: Does the format allow the assembly instructions to be explicitly specified with a model?
 
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Assembly - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
 
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Assembly - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
 
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Assembly - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Assembly - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
** '''Force(s):''' - Can the format support forces? Example: Does the format support acceleration forces?
 
** '''Force(s):''' - Can the format support forces? Example: Does the format support acceleration forces?
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Force - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
*** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Force - Is Supported::No]]
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Force - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Force - Description::No support]]
 
* '''Boundary representation''' - Can the format support models with boundary representations?
 
* '''Boundary representation''' - Can the format support models with boundary representations?
 
** '''Manifold surface boundary representations:''' - Can the format support manifold surface boundary representations? Example: The engineering format STEP
 
** '''Manifold surface boundary representations:''' - Can the format support manifold surface boundary representations? Example: The engineering format STEP
Line 129: Line 141:
 
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Non-manifold Boundary Representation - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
*** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Non-manifold Boundary Representation - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
 
* '''Material transparency:''' - Can the format support transparency? Example: Does the format allow models to have a clear window in a car?
 
* '''Material transparency:''' - Can the format support transparency? Example: Does the format allow models to have a clear window in a car?
** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Material Transparency - Is Supported::]] - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
+
** '''Is Supported:''' [[File Classification Material Transparency - Is Supported::Yes]]
** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Material Transparency - Description::]] - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
+
** '''Description:''' [[File Classification Material Transparency - Description::Support]]
  
'''References:''' [[References::]] - A list of references regarding any aspects of this engineering format; any reading material supplemental to this page.
+
'''References:'''
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pdf PDF]
 +
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_3D U3D]
 +
[http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-363.htm ECMA-363]
 +
[http://kb2.adobe.com/cps/329/329371.html Acrobat 3D Support]

Latest revision as of 15:35, 13 May 2009

Title(s): 3D PDF

Version ID: 1.7 - Adobe Acrobat 9.0 with Pro/Extended version contains PDF version 1.7. NOTE: Relating to U3D File Format - 4th Edition of ECMA-363

Date released: July 2008 NOTE: Relating to 4th Edition of ECMA-363 for U3D File Format - June 2007.

Date: June 15, 1993 - PDF original was created in June 15, 1993 but 3D was not embedded into PDF until January 2005 with the release Adobe Acrobat 7.0. Adobe Acrobat 7.0 contains PDF version 1.6. NOTE: Relating to 1st Edition of ECMA-363 for U3D file Format - December 2004.

Creator(s): Adobe - About Adobe

Contributor(s): Adobe

Relationships: - Bentley Systems, Incorporated: Bentley Systems, Incorporated added 3D PDF generation into their MicroStation software application as indicated in the http://www.tmcnet.com/usubmit/2005/Jan/1111150.htm news article. Adobe has made other business partnerships throughout the years.

  • Previous Version(s): Adobe Acrobat Reference
    • Adobe Acrobat 7.0 / PDF version 1.6
      • Acrobat Professional 7.0: ability to embed 3D object information from the .u3d Universal 3D format.
      • Acrobat 3D (Windows only): included all of the functionality of Acrobat Professional 7.0 as well as updated support for embedded 3D, tools for capturing 3D content from OpenGL applications, and the Adobe Acrobat 3D Toolkit for converting CAD documents to PDF objects. Also included is a version of the capture tool for installation on Unix.
    • Adobe Acrobat 8.0 / PDF version 1.7
      • Acrobat 3D Version 8: ability to produce embedded PRC data: highly compressed format for geometry and graphics (requires Reader 8.1 to display). Capture 3D tools (Windows and Unix) for capturing 3D content from OpenGL applications. Most innovative feature: Product Manufacturing Information, supported for many different CAD formats.
    • Adobe Acrobat 9.0 / PDF version 1.7
      • Pro Extended Version: includes Adobe Presenter and the features of Acrobat 3D
  • Syntax Format(s): NONE

Description: 3D PDF with Universal 3D (u3d) file format:

  • Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format for document exchange. PDF is used for representing two-dimensional documents in a manner independent of the application software, hardware, and operating system. Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout 2D document (and, with Acrobat 3D, embedded 3D documents) that includes the text, fonts, images, and 2D vector graphics which compose the documents. [1]
  • Universal 3D (U3D) is a compressed file format standard for 3D computer graphics data. [2]

History: Adobe and Universal 3D: The Universal 3D format was defined by a special consortium called 3D Industry Forum that brought together a diverse group of companies and organizations, including Intel, Boeing, HP, Adobe Systems, Bentley Systems, Right Hemisphere and others whose main focus had been the promotional development of 3D graphics for use in various industries, specifically at this time manufacturing as well as construction and industrial plant design. The format was later standardized by Ecma International in August 2005 as ECMA-363. The goal is a universal standard for three-dimensional data of all kinds, to facilitate data exchange. The consortium promoted also the development of an open source library for facilitating the adoption of the format. The format is natively supported by the PDF format and 3D objects in U3D format can be inserted into PDF documents and interactively visualized by Acrobat Reader (since version 7). [3]

Example(s): 3D PDF Examples - Information and example models of the engineering format.

Identifier: U3D - http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/files/ECMA-ST/ECMA-363%204th%20Edition.pdf

Documentation: http://www.ecma-international.org/publications/standards/Ecma-363.htm

File Extensions: PDF, U3D

Applications: - Applications that the engineering format uses.

Magic numbers: Unknown to PDF - U3D File Format specifies a header consisting of version, profile identifier, declaration size, file size, and character encoding.

Format(s): PDF

Rights: Open Standard

Sustainability Factors: - Facts about the sustainability of this particular engineering format.

  • Standardization: ISO 32000-1:2008 - PDF was made an open standard on July 1, 2008 and published by the International Organization for Standardization. U3D was made a standard as ECMA-363.
  • Self-documentation: None
  • External dependencies: None
  • Technical protection considerations: None

Typical use: CAD

File classification: - Specific properties that pertain to this engineering format.

  • Type {Binary, Text}: Binary
  • Raster data: - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports raster data.
  • Geometric representation: - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports geometric representations.
    • Implicit representation: - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports implicit representations.
      • Implicit surfaces: - Can the format support implicit surfaces? Example: A format that can contain surfaces that are generated with mathematical equations that contain the independent variables x, y, and z, like x^2 + y^2 + z^2 * R^2 = 0, supports implicit surfaces.
      • Implicit curves: - Can the format support implicit curves? Example: A format that can contain curves that are generated with mathematical equations that contain the independent variables x, y, and z, supports implicit curves.
      • Point set: - Can the format support point sets? Example: A format that supports surfaces and lines that are generated by points that form triangles supports point sets.
        • Is Supported: Yes
        • Description: Support
    • Mesh: - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports mesh.
      • Manifold surface meshes: - Can the format support manifold surface meshes? Example: A format that supports surfaces that are mathematical spaces in which every point has a neighborhood which resembles Euclidean space
      • Manifold volume meshes: - Can the format support manifold volume meshes? Example: A format that supports volumes that are mathematical spaces in which every point has a neighborhood which resembles Euclidean space
      • Non-manifold meshes: - Can the format support non-manifold meshes? Example: A format that supports meshes that are not manifolds
        • Is Supported: No - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
        • Description: No support - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
    • Parametric representation: - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports parametric representations.
      • Parametric surfaces: - Can the format support parametric surfaces? Example: A format that can contain surfaces that are generated with parametric equations supports parametric surfaces.
        • Is Supported: Yes
        • Description: Support
      • Parametric curves: - Can the format support parametric curves? Example: A format that can contain curves that are generated with parametric equations supports parametric curves.
        • Is Supported: Yes
        • Description: Support
    • Contour sets: - Can the format support contour sets?
      • Is Supported: - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
      • Description: - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
    • NURBS: - Can the format support Non Uniform Rational Basis Splines? Examples: The engineering formats IGES, STEP, ACIS, and PHIGS
  • Multi-resolution models: - Can the format support models with multiple resolutions? Examples: A format that supports a highly detailed and lowly detailed model simultaneously supports multi-resolution models.
    • Is Supported: - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
    • Description: - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
  • Dynamics: - Section describes whether or not the engineering format supports dynamics.
    • Kinematics: - Can the format support kinematics? Example: Does the format allow model parts to rotate?
      • Is Supported: Yes
      • Description: Support
    • Assembly: - Can the format support assembly? Example: Does the format allow the assembly instructions to be explicitly specified with a model?
      • Is Supported: - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
      • Description: - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
    • Force(s): - Can the format support forces? Example: Does the format support acceleration forces?
  • Boundary representation - Can the format support models with boundary representations?
    • Manifold surface boundary representations: - Can the format support manifold surface boundary representations? Example: The engineering format STEP
      • Is Supported: - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
      • Description: - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
    • Manifold volume boundary representations: - Can the format support manifold volume boundary representations? Example: The engineering format STEP
      • Is Supported: - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
      • Description: - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
    • Non-manifold boundary representations: - Can the format support non-manifold boundary representations? Example: The engineering format STEP
      • Is Supported: - Is the feature supported in the engineering format?
      • Description: - This field is used to describe the support or lack of support of the feature.
  • Material transparency: - Can the format support transparency? Example: Does the format allow models to have a clear window in a car?

References: PDF U3D ECMA-363 Acrobat 3D Support